University Challenge – Christmas 2018 E03  Pembroke College Cambridge v Kings London

University Challenge – Christmas 2018 E03 Pembroke College Cambridge v Kings London


APPLAUSE Christmas University Challenge. Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. Hello. Two more teams of alumni are preparing to ding-dong merrily
for our entertainment in this short, sharp seasonal series
for grown-ups. We’re playing seven
first-round matches of which tonight’s fixture
is the third. But only the four highest-scoring
winning teams will go on to the semifinals. Now, the first player on the team
fielded by Pembroke College, Cambridge is both a columnist for
the London Evening Standard and a writer whose bestsellers
include The Templars and The Plantagenets.
He’s also presented the Netflix series
Secrets of Great British Castles. With him, an athlete
who won a gold medal in the 2003 World Championships and an Olympic silver
the following year before going to work on conflict
issues in Bosnia and Iraq. Their captain is a very familiar
face on television having presented Channel 4’s T4,
E4’s Tool Academy, the BBC quiz Impossible
and the podcast Science(ish). Their fourth player is a musician who at 17 won the BBC’s Young
Musician of the Year competition. Since then, she’s performed as a soloist with many of
the world’s leading orchestras and collaborated with Yehudi Menuhin
and Dame Cleo Laine. Let’s meet the Pembroke College,
Cambridge team. Hi. I’m Dan Jones. I graduated from
Pembroke in 2002 having read history, and I’m now
a historian and a journalist. I’m Cath Bishop. I graduated in
modern and medieval languages from Pembroke College, Cambridge
in 1993. After a career as an Olympic rower
and a diplomat, I now work as
a leadership consultant. And their captain.
Hi, I’m Rick Edwards, graduated in natural sciences from
Pembroke, Cambridge in 2001 and I’m now a writer
and broadcaster. Hello. I’m Emma Johnson. I read
music and English at Pembroke and I’m a solo clarinettist,
composter and arranger. APPLAUSE Playing them is the team from
King’s College, London, which includes the co-founder of
the Institute of Making, which describes itself as
a multidisciplinary research club for people interested in making
anything from soup to cities. She’s a panellist on Radio 4’s
The Kitchen Cabinet and has recently presented BBC
Four’s The Secret Story of Stuff. With her, a journalist, broadcaster
and award-winning science writer whose works include Geek Nation and, more recently, Inferior:
How Science Got Women Wrong. At the age of 25, their captain became one of the UK’s youngest
TV news editors. Since then, she’s presented
numerous programmes including The Westminster Hour
and Any Answers? on Radio 4, and on television,
The Daily Politics. She’s also an author. And finally,
an Ivor Novello award-winner whose scores for television and
cinema include Jeeves and Wooster, The Crying Game, Poldark,
and The Full Monty, for which she won an Oscar. Let’s meet the King’s College,
London team. I’m Zoe Laughlin, I did my PhD in
materials at King’s College, London, and I’m an artist, designer
and materials engineer. Hi. I’m Angela Saini, I received
a Masters in science and security from King’s College, London in 2008, and now I’m a science journalist. And their captain. Hello.
My name’s Anita Anand. present programmes about politics
on Radio 4 and the Reith Lectures, and I write
books about history and politics. graduated from King’s College
with a BA in English. Hello. I’m Anne Dudley.
I was a postgraduate student at King’s College, studying for a
Masters degree in musical analysis, and now I’m a composer. APPLAUSE The rules never change on this show so I’ll just tell you that
it’s 10 points for starters, 15 points for bonuses, and if you interrupt
a starter question incorrectly you face a five-point penalty. Fingers on the buzzers,
here’s your first starter for 10. According to a tradition cited in
the Encyclopaedia Britannica, what seasonal item was created
in the 19th century by a Munich housewife who got fed up
with being repeatedly asked, “When will it be Christmas?” The advent calendar. Correct. You get a set of bonuses on
Christmas-time gift-bearers. Firstly, portrayed as an old lady
riding a broomstick, the friendly La Befana
in Italian folklore derives her name
from which Christian festival observed on January 6th? THEY CONFER Pass. It’s Epiphany. Secondly, known by similar names
in other Nordic countries, the Swedish julbok is
a pre-Christian gift-bringer in the form of what ruminant? What’s a ruminant? t’s like a cow. Reindeer? Cow? Reindeer? Try reindeer. Reindeer. No, it’s a goat. In which country does
St Basil the Great, one of the fathers
of the Orthodox Church, bring gifts at Christmas time? THEY CONFER Russia. No, it’s Greece. Right, ten points for this. What seasonal plant links the American writer played by
Joseph Cotton in The Third Man, a disembodied head in the TV series
Red Dwarf, and the socialite… Holly. Correct. Right, these bonuses, King’s,
are on photographs. What popular title is given to
the 1985 portrait of the 12-year-old
green-eyed refugee later identified as Sharbat Gula? It featured on the cover of
National Geographic magazine. t’s the National Geographic girl
n Afghanistan. s it called Girl of Afghanistan?
s that what it’s called? – Isn’t it…?
– Afghan Girl? Er…shall we? The Afghan Girl. Correct. Give the word that completes
the title of a 1951 photograph by Ruth Orkin. It shows a young woman,
Ninalee Craig, walking down a street and being
noticed by a crowd of men. American Girl in… Paris? American Girl in Paris? Yeah. Paris. No, it’s Italy. And finally, the art dealer
Robert Fraser, often known as Groovy Bob, appears handcuffed to
which public figure in a photograph that
became the basis for Richard Hamilton’s work entitled
Swingeing London 67? THEY CONFER Pass. He was handcuffed to
Mick Jagger. Ten points for this. Listen carefully. Each cracker
on a Christmas dinner table contains a coloured paper crown taken from a choice of six colours. How many crackers must be pulled to be certain of obtaining
at least two crowns the same colour? Seven? Correct. APPLAUSE Right. Your first set of bonuses,
Pembroke College, are on trees listed on the website of the British Christmas Tree
Growers Association. In each case, give the two-word name
of the variety from the description. Firstly, “The traditional Christmas
tree found in many of our homes. “It is a Scandinavian variety “with pointed mid-green needles
standing on tiny pegs “and long cylindrical brown cones
which hang down.” THEY CONFER Norwegian spruce? Correct. “Introduced into Britain in 1830, “it is a native of Washington
and Oregon, “where it grows to a great height. “It has long, upswept
blueish-grey needles “at right angles to the twig.” THEY CONFER Redwood pine? No, it’s the red fir, or noble fir. Nearly, but not quite. And finally, “a native of
once-extensive Caledonian forests, “it is our only native
timber-producing conifer “and has twisted blue-green needles
found in pairs.” Scots pine? Correct. We’re going to take a picture round
now. For your picture starter,
you’re going to see the tune of a Christmas carol
in the key of C major as it would be on a piano roll
for a player piano. The notes are to be read
from left to right with notes in a higher
vertical position being of higher pitch. For ten points I want you to give me the opening line
of the carol represented. “Joy to the world.” Joy to the world is correct! For your bonuses, you’re now going
to see three more piano rolls representing well-known festive
tunes in the key of C major. Firstly, I want the opening line
of the carol usually sung to this tune. THEY CONFER s it Hark The Herald Angels Sing?
I don’t think so. THEY SING In The Bleak Midwinter? THEY SING Oh, go for Hark the Herald. “Hark the herald angels sing.” No, it’s “Once
n royal David’s city”. Secondly, the usual three-word name
of this carol. ANNE SINGS The First Noel. The First Noel. Correct. And finally, the title of
this Christmas song. Note that here,
you’re seeing the chorus. THEY CONFER Oh, it’s Jingle Bells. Jingle Bells.
Jingle Bells is correct. Ten points for this. Which two rhyming words
end the first and second lines of Clement C Moore’s 1822 poem
A Visit From St Nicholas? It begins, “Twas the night
before Christmas.” Mouse and house. Correct. Right, you get three bonuses on
the work of Ursula K Le Guin who died in January 2018. Which 1969 novel by Ursula Le Guin concerns the frigid planet Gethin and the race of androgynous people who may become
either male or female? THEY CONFER The Wizards of Earthsea? No, it’s The Left Hand of Darkness. Secondly, which minor figure
from Virgil’s Aeneid is the title character of
a critically admired novel of 2008? She’s a daughter of Latinus
and becomes the wife of Aeneas. THEY CONFER Dido? No, it’s Lavinia. And finally, featuring a wizard
called Ged, which fictional world is the setting for Le Guin’s popular series
for young adults? Earthsea. Correct. Right, ten points for this. Which 20th-century artist is the
subject of a poem by Margaret Atwood that includes the lines “Here in the souvenir arcade
you’re everywhere: “the printed cotton bags,
the pierced tin boxes, “the red T-shirts…” Picasso. No, you lose five points. “..the pierced tin boxes, the red
T-shirts, the beaded crosses, “your coiled braids,
your level stare…” Anyone want to buzz from Pembroke? Dali? No, it’s Frida Kahlo. Ten points for this. Meanings of what four-letter word
include a body segment of an annelid, the structure of benzene,
a device for identifying… Ring. Ring is correct. Your bonuses are on
transuranic elements. In each case, identify the element
from its anagram. Firstly, “alumni crew” is an anagram of the name of
which transuranic element, named after the US physicist
who invented the cyclotron? I can’t spell, so this is no good. THEY CONFER We should guess this. Don’t spend too long on it.
Keep going. Er, pass, sorry. That’s Lawrencium. “Punier comic” is an anagram of
which transuranic element named after a Polish astronomer? THEY CONFER Er, Copernicus. No, it’s copernicium. And finally, “not meringue”
is an anagram of which element named after the inventor of X-rays? THEY CONFER Argentinium. No, it’s roentgenium. Right, ten points for this. What seasonal name in English corresponds to the given names of
the following people? The composer of Aida and Rigoletto, the manager of FC Barcelona
between 2008 and 2012, the musician formerly known as
Cat Stevens, and the Puerto Rican actor noted for
his portrayal of Cyrano de Bergerac? Is it Josep? It is Joseph, yes. APPLAUSE Right, you get a set of bonuses
on the TV series Sex and the City which in 2018 marked the 20th
anniversary of its first broadcast. I need the given name
and birth surname of each character. First, which character
in Sex and the City shares a surname with
the Stockport-born jurist who presided at the trial of
King Charles I in 1649? Pass. Carrie Bradshaw. John Bradshaw
was the person who presided. Which character shares a surname with the closest city to
the 1644 Battle of Marston Moor? THEY CONFER don’t think
this is our specialist area. That’s Friends. Pass. It’s Charlotte York. And finally, which leading character
shares a surname with a political philosopher
born in Wiltshire in 1588? Just say Mr Big. I’ve no idea. Yeah. Mr Big. Who’s Mr Big?! Yes. It’s Miranda Hobbes. Thank you. Right. Ten points
for this. Who’s this? The first artistic director
of London’s Globe Theatre and the recipient of
the 2016 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor… Mark Rylance? It is Mark Rylance, yes. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on the British
primatologist and anthropologist Dame Jane Goodall.
Firstly, born in Kenya in 1903, which anthropologist
and archaeologist was a major influence on Jane
Goodall’s career and researchers? THEY CONFER Louis Leakey.
Correct, Louis Leakey is right. Which director made Jane,
the 2017 biographical documentary about Goodall? His other films include On The Ropes
and The Kid Stays In The Picture. Pass. That was Brett Morgan. And finally,
in which African country is the Gombe Stream Research Centre,
founded in 1965 to promote Goodall’s ground-breaking findings
about chimp behaviour? THEY CONFER Uganda? No, it’s in Tanzania,
apparently. Right, we’re going to take
a music round now. For your music starter, you’ll hear
a song first released in 2011. Ten points if you can name
the solo artist singing. # Swinging in the backyard
Pull up in your fast car # Whistling my name # Open up a beer
and you say get over here… # Lana del Rey. It is indeed, yes.
Well done. APPLAUSE That was her Video Games. For your music, you’re going to hear
three more pop songs that reference items you might find
under the tree on Christmas morning. In each case, name the band
performing. Firstly: # I’ve got a bike
You can ride it if you like # It’s got a basket
A bell that rings # And things to make it look good # I’d give it to you if I could… #
Er, nominate Jones. Is it the Bonzo Dog Band? No, it’s Pink Floyd, Bike. Very good guess, though. It was a terrible guess, actually. I thought Pink Floyd and I thought,
“It can’t be that obvious.” But I was wrong. OK, secondly. # To my dog on wheels
I’ll tell my pleasures and woes # To my dog on wheels
I’ll tell my secrets and more… # Belle and Sebastian. It is –
Dog On Wheels. And finally: # Come on, Barbie, let’s go party # I’m a Barbie girl
In a Barbie world… # Er, Aqua. Aqua is correct,
Barbie Girl. Yes. APPLAUSE No shame at all.
Right, ten points for this. “For one glorious seven-week spell,
he frightened Australians rigid. “He was a bogeyman, a monster, a man
who sacked their sporting cathedrals “and then ruined Christmas.” These words refer to which sportsman who announced his retirement from
international cricket in 2018? Alastair Cook. Correct. APPLAUSE These bonuses are on psalms, King’s. Firstly, what five words begin
the psalm that contains the line, “Though I walk through the valley
of the shadow of death, “I will fear no evil”? The Lord Is My Shepherd. Correct. Secondly, what Latin word appears
at the start of Psalms 66 and 100? It’s particularly used
in reference to the latter when set to music. didn’t even
understand the question. Pass. It’s Jubilate. And finally, what Latin word is
often used to refer to Psalm 95, which opens with the words “O come
let us sing unto the Lord”? Hosanna. No, it’s Venite. Ten points for this. Published in 2018,
Fascism: A Warning is the work of which former
US Secretary of State? Her family… Condoleezza Rice?
Er, no, you lose five points. Her family fled Czechoslovakia
in 1939 when she was a young girl. s it Madeleine Albright? It is Madeleine Albright, yes. APPLAUSE You get three bonuses on
the librettist Alice Goodman. Goodman wrote the libretti for the first two operas of
which US composer, the second of which,
The Death of Klinghoffer, was first performed in 1991? John Adams. John Adams. Correct. Secondly, Goodman’s 2017 collection
History Is Our Mother contains her translated libretto for
a production at Glyndebourne of which opera by Mozart? The original version from 1791 was written by the German
Emanuel Schikaneder. Magic Flute. That is correct. And finally, which
English poet was married to Goodman between 1987 and his death in 2016? His collections include For The
Unfallen and Mercy And Hymns. THEY CONFER Pass. That was Geoffrey Hill. Right, we’re going to take a picture
round now. For your picture starter you’re
going to see a photograph of an artist. Ten points if you can give me his
name, please. David Hockney. David Hockney is correct. Now, David Hockney was one of the first subjects of
the South Bank Show, which turned 40 in 2018. For your picture bonuses, I simply
want you to identify three more people profiled in that
first series. First, this writer. WHISPERED CONFERRING t could be, yeah. Pinter? That is Harold Pinter, yes. Secondly, this film director. Is that a young David Lee? Think it’s a Polish guy. I don’t know. Pass. Uh, uh… Do you have an idea? Polish… Karol Reiss? No, that’s Ingmar Bergman. And, finally, this conductor. Leonard Bernstein. No, that’s Herbert Von Carrion. Right, ten points for this. Oak, crab and custard can all be followed by what… Apple. Apple is correct, yes. These bonuses are on shorter words
that can be formed from the letters of the
name Santa Claus. Identify each term from the
definition. Firstly, named after a figure in
Greek mythology, the first or uppermost of the bones
in the human vertebral column, supporting the skull. Uh, Santa Claus…
Can be made out of Santa Claus? Yes. It’s not ulna, is it?
No, that’s in the arm. Spinal? No, that’s Santa Claus, no. Uh… Column. No, it’s Atlas. Secondly, a microscopic space in
the human bone matrix in which osteocytes are located. Secal? No, that’s lacuna. And, finally, the Latin name for the ankle bone articulating with the lower leg. Hmm. We don’t know. Pass. That’s the talus.
Ten points for this. There are about four minutes to go. What five-letter word can mean both a string used to accentuate the
rhythm in a sitar, and to speak tediously in a
dull monotone? Drone. Drone is correct, yes. You get a set of bonuses on debut
albums of 1978. The album name is that of the band or artist
in each case. Running With The Devil and Eruption are tracks on which hard
rock debut album of 1978 named after the
Dutch-born brothers who founded the band in question? Van Halen? Van Halen? Correct. Another Girl, Another Planet is
perhaps the best known track on which eponymous 1978 album? Pass. It was The Only Ones. Fronted by Mark Knopfler, which prominent band released its
self-titled debut album in… Dire Straits. Dire Straits is correct. Ten points for this. In nautical terms, what
seven-letter word is the opposite
of windward? Leeward. Leeward is correct. You get a set of bonuses now… ..on holidays celebrated
on December 25th that are unrelated to Christmas. Which Asian country marks the birth
of a national founder on Quaid-e-Azam Day
on December 25th? Myanmar? No, it’s Pakistan. Good Governance Day has been
celebrated on the 25th December since 2014 in which
large Asian country? China. No, it’s India. Constitution Day is an
unofficial holiday celebrated on December 25th on which island state? Japan. No, it’s Taiwan. Ten points for this. Generally attributed to the same
author as the Gospel According to Luke, what is the fifth book of the
New Testament? Acts. It is the Acts of the Apostles, yes. Your bonuses this time are on novels
with kinship terms in their titles. In each case,
name the work from the description. Firstly, a novel by Elizabeth
Gaskell about the relationships of Molly Gibson,
the daughter of a doctor, with others, including her
stepmother and stepsister? Uh…pass. Yeah, pass. It’s Wives And Daughters. Secondly, which psychological
thriller of 1964 by Sheridan Le Fanu concerns the teenaged
orphan Maud Ruthyn? Pass. It’s Uncle Silas. And, finally,
a novel of 1862 by Ivan Turgenev, its characters include
Arkady, Bazarov and Nicolay. The Brothers Karamazov? No, that’s by Dostoyevsky, it’s Fathers And Sons. Or Fathers And Children.
Ten points for this. A shortened form of a title meaning
“Barbarian subduing general”, what six letter term is often used to indicate the defacto
leaders of Japan from the late 12th century to 1867? Shogun. Shogun is correct, yes. You get a set of bonuses on
similar words. According to legend,
at which of the seven hills of Rome were Romulus and Remus deposited by the River Tiber? You need to be quick, come on. Pallantine. Palatine is the word. Palatine, sorry. I can’t accept
that, I’m sorry, you were wrong. GONG APPLAUSE At the gong… I’m sorry to be harsh there,
King’s, but there we are. I’ve got to accept what you say. Not what you meant to say. Pembroke College, Cambridge, 85.
It’s not a BAD score… t’s not a good score, is it,
Jeremy? No, it’s not, it’s a pretty
useless score, really, but I was just trying to be nice
to you. Thank you. But we won’t bother!
t felt empty to me. It was a bit empty. But you had some
good answers I thought. King’s, congratulations to you, 150 points may well be enough to
come back as one of the highest scoring
winners. We’ll see. But thank you very much
for joining us. I hope you can join us next time for
another first round match, but until
then, it’s goodbye from Pembroke College,
Cambridge… ALL: Goodbye. ..it’s goodbye from
King’s College, London…
ALL: Goodbye. ..and it’s goodbye from me. Goodbye. APPLAUSE

12 thoughts on “University Challenge – Christmas 2018 E03 Pembroke College Cambridge v Kings London

  1. How does, for example, a science journalist get on here as opposed to the thousands of other graduates that no-one's ever heard of? Their friend works for the BBC?

  2. Questions far too easy, passes far too frequent, Paxman's jokes increasingly feeble. The majority of the contestants are as dumb as plants. I assume a demonstration of the accumulated benefits of attending a university. The Oxbridge alumni appear especially stupid.

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